Institutionalizing Anti-Corruption and Good Governance: International Experience and Evidence
Some common myths about corruption
(Dr. Norman Abjorensen)
Combating the culture of corruption - culturally
(Fr. Albert E. Alejo, SJ, PhD)
Reform Agenda for an Effective Customs Administration
(Hon. Alberto Lina)
Gains & Challenges of Anti-Corruption Effort of the Philippines
(Hon. Conchita Carpio-Morales)
On June 6, 2015, the AIM Rizalino S. Navarro Policy Center for Competitiveness, together with Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS), hosted a forum on "Institutionalizing Anti-Corruption and Good Governance: International Experience and Evidence" at the Intercontinental Hotel Manila, Makati City.
Mr. Paul Linnarz of KAS-Tokyo welcomed the participants of the forum, and emphasized in his welcome address that combating corruption is increasingly becoming globalized. Dr. Ronald Mendoza, Executive Director of AIM Rizalino S. Navarro Policy Center for Competitiveness, provided an overview of the current improvements in combating corruption, as well as the challenges to sustaining these developments.
Ombudsman Conchita Carpio-Morales expounded on the three-pronged approach (punitive, preventive and promotional) adopted by the Office of the Ombudsman in institutionalizing good governance. In addition, Ombudsman Carpio-Morales stressed the need to focus more on prevention in fighting corruption. "An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of prosecution," she said. Bureau of Customs Commissioner Alberto Lina, on the other hand, laid down his plans for enhancing transparency in the said bureau and encouraged the participants to engage in suggesting possible measures to improve its operations.
Dr. Norman Abjorensen from the Crawford School of Public Policy of the Australian National University shared common myths about corruption and emphasized the challenges in conducting academic research on corruption. More specifically, Dr. Abjorensen mentioned that the lack of consensus in defining corruption along with its multifaceted nature complicate the study of corruption. Lastly, Fr. Albert Alejo, SJ of the Citizen-Customs Action Network enriched the discussion as he viewed combating corruption from a cultural perspective, highlighting its systemic and culturally-entrenched nature. Fr. Alejo showed how traces of corruption can be seen in daily life and in multiple spheres of interaction (family, church, education). The lectures were then followed by an open discussion forum where the audience were given the chance to voice out their inquiries and comments on the points laid down by the speakers. This was moderated by Dr. Ronald Mendoza.
Overall, the forum featured experts and researchers of anti-corruption reforms, drawing mainly on Asian policy experience and evidence. It particularly aimed to identify priority areas for targeted intervention, as well as the general tools and strategies to combat corruption. It highlighted key areas for institutionalization in order to help make the gains from anti-corruption reforms more permanent and resilient to slippage (notably due to regime change).
The event also launched Dr. Norman Abjorensen’s book, “Combating Corruption: Implications of the G20 Action Plan for the Asia-Pacific Region”. To download a free copy of the book, visit the KAS-Tokyo Publications website.
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